His patients were Dmitri Mendeleev, Nikolai Nekrasov, Pyotr Tchaikovsky and Otto von Bismarck.

One of the leading medical institutions in Moscow — the Pirogov Center has more than a hundred years long rich history. From the mid-1920s, it received a certain “elite reputation”, becoming the Polyclinic of the medical section of the Central Commission for the Improvement of the Life of Scientists (CECILS). The organization, which helped and protected the life and existence of our scientists, changed names, but the clinic, the future Pirogov Center, remained its main medical core ...

And although the name of the Russian surgeon, scientist and public figure Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov was given to the Pirogov Center only on November 11, 2003 — the whole period of work supported the traditions, scientific level, noble spirit of the great Russian doctor.

Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov (1810–1881) is recognized as one of the most prominent doctors of the 19th century and the main authority in military surgery. In 1870, the International Red Cross invited him to inspect the military sanitary facilities at the theater of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. This trip was an international triumph for Pirogov. His patients were N.A. Nekrasov, V.V. Stasov, P.I. Tchaikovsky, Otto von Bismarck.

The hero of Europe Giuseppe Garibaldi, wounded at Aspromonte, was treated (unsuccessfully) by the best doctors of Italy, France and England. But only the invited Pirogov was able to accurately determine the nature of the wound (the location of the bullet) and suggest the original (for Western doctors) treatment method. Garibaldi expressed his gratitude on several occasions, including in his memoirs. And the experience, innovative for Western doctors, Pirogov acquired during the Crimean War, examining 20 thousand wounded and sick soldiers, conducting personally or directing 10 thousand operations!

Not only the surgical innovations of Pirogov, but also his approach to the organization of the entire military field medicine, became world famous. Its principle: war is a traumatic epidemic, and measures should be as in epidemics. The main goal of surgical and administrative activities in the theater of war is not haste operations, but properly organized care for the wounded and conservative treatment. The main evil is the disorderly overcrowding of the wounded, the first measure is the sorting of the wounded, the most possible is their quick dispersal.

In the Crimean War, Pirogov was the first in the world to apply a plaster cast. At the same time there was a case, very characteristic of the doctor. Spending dozens of operations every day not far from besieged Sevastopol (including the then famous hero, sailor Koshka), he found time to receive the unknown young man who had already been “sentenced” by the best doctors of St. Petersburg: “Phthisis”. N.I. Pirogov attentively (in the situation of the front-line hospital!) examined the young man and diagnosed: congenital mitral valve disease ... “But, — the doctor added, — you will surely outlive all of us!” (Pirogov had in mind himself, and his St. Petersburg colleagues.) The diagnosis and conclusion were brilliantly confirmed: the despairing and sentenced young man lived a long, truly outstanding, most useful life for the country and the world. His name was Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev.

The generalized traditions of Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov can be considered a kind of continuation of the famous Hippocratic Code: treating great and obscure people with an equal measure of diligence and in the most enormous streams, like during the Crimean War, does not weaken the attention of a single patient. And the Pirogov Center continues the work of his great eponym.

After World War II, remaining a polyclinic and a hospital for scientists and the creative intelligentsia, the medical center accepted for treatment other categories of citizens.

“Elitism” was manifested primarily in the highest concentration of the best Russian, Soviet luminaries of medicine. Outstanding surgeons N.N. Burdenko, S.I. Spasokukotsky, A.N. Bakulev, N.N. Terebinsky, therapists V.F. Zelenin, M.P. Konchalovsky, DD Pletnev, D.M. Rossiysky, V.D. Shervinsky, A.I. Yarotsky, G.F. Lang, obstetricians-gynecologists S.I. Blagovolin, G.F. Lang, I.L. Braude, A.D. Kazansky, Yu.V. Snegirev worked here.

The Center is called the “Temple” of healing, but also of education, upbringing, science, by its founder and president, academician, professor, honored doctor of the Russian Federation, honored worker of science of the Russian Federation Yuri Shevchenko.

The center is multidisciplinary. But I would like to turn to one group of diseases and methods of their treatment, to show the state importance of this particular topic. This is a new direction that unites urology, andrology, plastic surgery and is also called very unusual: “Men’s health and beauty.”

Doctor Beniamin Khanaliyev — “a hefty man, an athlete” — explained what it means in a simple way. Yes, he is a master of sports, the chief doctor of the Hand-to-hand Combat Federation, friends and patients are relevant. “When they leave the big sport — the load drops, the weight increases. But people are strong, strong-willed, real men — they begin to struggle with excess weight” says Khanaliyev ...

So the conversation began with a topic perceived by the majority of the population as incidental. I also asked the chief urologist of the Center, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Sergey Nesterov, about the main, “serious”, more precisely, more familiar directions of work of the urology department.

“Our focus is the use of modern mini-invasive and endoscopic techniques,” Sergei Nesterov immediately emphasized. “Among the main areas are the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, erectile dysfunction, overactive bladder, inflammatory diseases of the urinary system, urolithiasis, oncourology, and genital and reconstructive surgery.”

According to Nesterov, since 2002 the number of patients in the Department of Urology and Nephrology has been steadily increasing. In 2016 — 1196 people, with a surgical intervention performed on 1131 people ...

Urological Service of the Pirogov Center — is a Urology department and the Department of Urology and Nephrology of the Institute for Advanced Training of Doctors of the Center. Teaching staff includes a professor, three associate professors, two assistants and three graduate students. During the work the department prepared 42 clinical residents, 4 graduate students and 2 doctoral students.

So as Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov: he managed to heal and teach to heal.

Igor Shumeiko

Source: Nezavisimaya Gazeta